The short answer to the question is yes; they shared a meal that
night, as recorded in John 13 (e.g. vs. 2, 18, 26), and there
could have been no moral reason why Jesus should have
refused to eat and drink with him, quite the reverse: Judas
was one of the twelve and, although Jesus knew he was a thief
and had contracted to betray him, his transgressions were
neither generally known nor proven. No action can be taken
against un-revealed wrongdoing,
One witness shall not
rise up against a man for any iniquity, or for any sin, in
any sin that he sinneth: at the mouth of two witnesses, or at
the mouth of three witnesses, shall the matter be
established (Deut. 19: 15).
The secret things belong
unto the LORD our God: but those things which are revealed
belong unto us and to our children for ever, that we may do
all the words of this law (Deut 29:29).
This question, "Did Jesus break bread with Judas Iscariot?" has arisen because it has been suggested that Jesus partook of the bread and wine with Judas at the last supper and therefore "the faithful" should not refuse to break bread with wrongdoers today. In an attempt to refute this argument, it has been suggested that Judas had already left the table before the memorial meal had been instituted. This avoids the issue however, and the real principle to be addressed is the difference between revealed and un-revealed transgression, and it is a misuse of Scripture to treat the former case by an appeal to Christís example in the latter context. Therefore, the question as to whether Judas partook of the memorial meal or not, has no relevance in connection with breaking or not breaking bread with proven unrepentant wrongdoers today.
Although the twelve did eat and drink together that evening, it is possible that Jesus instituted the memorial meal after Judas left (although Luke 22:14-21 would preclude this if it is in chronological order). If Judas did partake, he would have eaten and drunk condemnation to himself alone. (1Cor.11:28-29)
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